The World Knows Who A Heretic Is-A Rationalist And A Humanist

A  heretic is a rationalist whose religious views differ from the established religious practices. He is a rebel not only in religion such as Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and so on but also in any intellectual area.

The heretic’s ideal is to rid human mind of the religious and intellectual irrationality. The heretic maintains that to challenge and defeat religious bigotry and intellectual irrationality is to free the human mind from them, from the dogmatism. He debunks religious myths like the soul, ghosts, witches, afterlife. That, religious orthodoxy lays down, amounts to punishable heresy. He does not accept religious scriptures as infallible and unquestionable divine revelations of truth. That is punishable heresy by religious authority.

Religion punished the heretics in the past inhumanly and cruelly and has been punishing them even today in various ways.

Opposition To Scriptural Literalism

The free-thinking heretic’s method of searching truth is evidence-based and, hence, rational and to him, any statement without evidence is a myth. He acts upon his truth, rationally arrived at, without fear or favour.

Rebels like the Buddha, Giardino Bruno, Galileo, Basavanna, Freud, Jefferson, Voltaire, Einstein and Mahatma Gandhi effected a revolution in their areas of activity. As Graham Green says,’ Heresy is another word for freedom of thought.’

Himself an outstanding American heretic and a robust rationalist,  Robert G.Ingersoll profusely showers praise on the heretics in his resounding, inimitable and inspiring words in his book, Heretics and Heresies:

Heresy, the Eternal Dawn

‘The heretics have not thought and suffered and died in vain. Every heretic has been, and is, a ray of light. Not in vain did Voltaire, that great man, point from the foot of the Alps the finger of scorn at every hypocrite in Europe. Not in vain were the splendid utterances of the infidels, while beyond all price are the discoveries of science.

The Church has impeded, but it has not and it cannot stop the onward march of the human race. Heresy cannot be burned, nor imprisoned, nor starved. It laughs at presbyteries and synods, at ecumenical councils and the impotent thunders of Sinai. Heresy is the eternal dawn, the morning star, the glittering herald of the day. Heresy is the last and the best thought. It is the perpetual New World, unknown sea, toward which the brave all sail. It is the eternal horizon of progress.

Heresy extends the hospitalities of the brain to a new thought.

Heresy is a cradle; orthodoxy, a coffin.

Why should man be afraid to think, and why should he fear to express his thoughts?

Is it possible that an infinite Deity is unwilling that a man should investigate the phenomena by which he is surrounded?. Is it possible that a god delights in threatening and terrifying men? What glory, what honour and renown a god must win on such a field! The ocean raving at a drop; a star envious of a candle; the sun jealous of a fire-fly.

How long, O how long, will man listen to the threats of God, and shut the eyes to the splendid possibilities of Nature? How long, O how long will man remain the cringing slave of a false and cruel creed?

By this time, the whole world should know that the real bible has not yet been written, but is being written, and that it will never be finished until the race begins its downward march, or ceases to exist.

The real bible is not the work of inspired men, nor prophets, nor apostles, nor evangelists, nor of Christs. Every man who finds a fact, adds, as it were, a word to this great book. It is not attested by prophecy, by miracles or signs. It makes no appeal to faith, to ignorance, to credulity or fear. It has no punishment for unbelief, no reward for hypocrisy.  It appeals to man in the name of demonstration. It has nothing to conceal. It has no fear of being read, of being contradicted, of being investigated and understood. It does not pretend to be holy; it simply claims to be true. It challenges the scrutiny of all, and implores every reader to verify every line for himself. It is incapable of being blasphemed.’

Basavanna, the twelfth-century Indian religious rebel. rationalist and humanist blasted and rejected the Hindu Vedas  and Shruthi for their superstitions like animal sacrifice to propitiate god and illogical karma concept, restricting human effort for his growth, in his celebrated vachana (a type of Kannada prose poetry):

‘Shall I say scriptures are great?

They praise karma.

Shall I say the Vedas are great?

They tell of animal sacrifice.

Shall I say Shruti is great?

It searches what is before one’s eyes.

……………………………………………………….’

(Vachana-2012, Basava Samithi)

As rationalists and humanists, the heretics have been playing a courageous, ennobling and heroic role in the human history. They have been adorable new path-finders. Have you a different stand on the heretic?

Mahatma Gandhi, A Rare Rationalist

The world knows that Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Indian nation, the legendary leader of the non-violent struggle for India’s freedom and an apostle of non-violence was a deeply religious thinker and a unique statesman of simplicity the human history has ever seen. He was a committed believer in God and performed religious rituals daily. And he was rare rationalist too!

He was a martyr to the cause of human brotherhood                                                                                                        Follower of Faith

He says:
‘Reason is powerless to know Him. He is beyond the reach or grasp of reason.’
‘If we exist, if our parents and their parents have existed, then it is proper to believe in the Parent of the whole creation.’

This is an irrational approach to the concept of God and is a traditional view of the Faith.                                                                                                                                                                                              Rare Rationalist                                                                      At the same time, Mahatma Gandhi is progressive, rational, humanist and secular.

He says:                                                                                                                                            ‘To me, God is truth and love: God is ethics and morality; He is above and beyond all these. God is conscience. He is even the atheism of the atheist……He simply is to those who have faith. He is all things to all men.’

‘Since faith cannot be proved by extraneous evidence, the safest course is to believe in the supremacy of the moral law, the law of truth and love.’

‘My belief in the Hindu scripture does not require me to accept every word and every verse as divinely inspired.  I decline to be bound by any interpretation, however learned it may be, if it is repugnant to reason or moral sense’

‘But those, who want to deny His(God’s) existence, are at liberty to do so.’

Mahatma Gandhi’s words are simple, unambiguous and self-explanatory.

That means, inter alia, no harmful consequences will follow if they have no faith in God. God does not punish them. God is not a punitive divine power.        

But He is the universal symbol of the highest human values like love, goodwill, justice and humaneness towards all human and other life.

Romain Rolland, the French Nobel laureate defines Mahatma Gandhi’s rational outlook in these words in his  Mahatma Gandhi:

‘His religion must satisfy his reason and correspond to the dictates of his conscience’

Mahatma Gandhi was a liberal, a rationalist in a  rare sense, a noble humanist and not a fundamentalist. His sole concentration was on human welfare and on nothing beyond that. His view of the human life is unconcerned with the unknown world of heaven or hell. Faith in God is inessential for human happiness, spirituality, and culture.

He introduced the world to a new path in the human life-a path of non-violence in human activity and fight against injustice and oppression(satyagraha) in society.                                                                                        We need to follow him now both in word and deed. The world always needs him.

Why Basavanna, the Rationalist and Humanist Thinker Is Relevant Today

Basavanna ( about 1115-1167) meaning elder brother Basava ( he is also venerably called as Basaveshwara or simply Basava) was a  rationalist revolutionary, unique prophet, pragmatic humanist and irrepressible social organizer and reformer. He revolted against the Vedas, their unjust social caste structure and irrational and harmful religious rituals. He founded a new religion named as Lingayat with the support of the common people of all social statuses. Basavanna uniquely stands out as a rationalist revolutionary.
This religion has no supernatural God as its governing and guiding supreme head. The rationalist Lingayat religion has been enjoying the whole-hearted support of the Lingayat people of the Karnataka State of India from the 12th century to this day. The scripture of the Lingayat is the prose-poems composed and described as vachanas(in the Kannadalanguage)by Basavanna and other writers from the 12th century onwards.
Basavanna’s views are solidly based on rationalist and humanist principles and contained in his vachanas.
Basavanna’s concept of God is that the God is only one, that He has various names and that He is formless, invisible and omnipresent. He goes further and affirms that human conscience is the God and that a godly man also is a God. Kudalasangama Deva is Basavanna’s symbolic God who is man’s conscience itself. This God is not in any temple. This God is in the human mind as his conscience or symbol of dhyana or meditation in the form of ishtalinga(personal God) on the devotee’s palm. This God is neither a gift-giver nor a gift-taker nor a miracle-maker. This God demands that man should be of good conduct and work. He should work not only for himself but also for the society. Man must make his destiny individually for himself and, as part of the society, for the society. Man can become more than the symbolic God, Kudalasangama Deva by contributing to the various types of daasoha( free offering of useful thing or service) for the society.
‘There are some gods
That always watch by the doors of the houses of men.
They do not depart, although told to depart.
They are worse than dogs, these same gods.
There are some gods
That live by begging from men.
What can they give?
But our Kudalsangama Deva
Will give you whatever you ask.’

‘I did not see those so-called gods alive,
When the four yugas (ages) and eighteen cycles
Of those yugas were being destroyed;
Nor do I see them now.
I did not see them,
When all was burning,
Nor do I see them now.
Neither that day nor this day,
Do I see those gods
Except Kudalasangama Deva.’
‘God Is One, Names Are Many’
‘God is one, names are many.
A chaste wife has just one husband.
Should she desire another.
He will chop her ears and nose off.
What would you say then of those
Who relish leftovers of many gods, Kudalasangamadeva?’
Priests as God’s Mouthpieces
Priests have been dependent upon God and exploit the common innocent followers of a religion for their livelihood in the name of God. Basavanna has very harsh words of his righteous anger against the ignoble profession of priesthood throughout the human history.
‘Is there anybody in this world who says to another
“Eat for my body, and enjoy my wife for me”?
Hence you yourself ought to work with eager mind.
You yourself ought to work, laboring with your body.
If you do not work with your body,(and mind together),
How will Kudalasangama Deva be pleased with you?’
To reach God, a man should directly approach the isthalinga (personal god) or meditate on it for his spiritual growth and goal without using the intermediacy of any priest. Priests have been parasites on God’s devotees in the name of God!
VEDAS
He rejected the Vedas which perpetuated human exploitation in the form of four castes structure of the society, etc. and were (and are to a large extent) against the interest of the common majority of the people.
‘I shall put leather sheath to Vedas
I shall put shackles on the Shashtras
I shall skin the back of Tarka
I shall cut off the nose of Agamas.’
‘The Vedas shivered,
Scriptures stood aside,
Logic became dumb,
Aagama just went away,
All because our Kudalasangayya
had his food in the house of untouchable, Maadara Chennayya.’
‘Shall I say scriptures are great?
They praise karma.
Shall I say the Vedas are great?
They tell of animal sacrifice.
Shall I say shruti is great?
It searches what is before one’s eyes.
As you are not in any of those, Kudalasangama Deva,
You can be seen in nothing but three kinds of daasoha. Temples of GOD
Those that are rich build temples for God
But alas! What can I do?
I am a poor man.
To me my legs themselves are pillars.
My body itself is the temple.
And my head itself is the golden crown.
(The stationary perishes, but not the moving one.)
Man’s body itself is the abode of God. Man purifies his conscience with the aid of meditation on the isthalinga, the physical symbol of God on his palm. To enable man to be away from the temples and the priests, Basavanna created man’s personal God in the form of isthalinga on his palm. If the devotee did not need to go to a temple to propitiate God, the priest had no chance to mislead and exploit him. Man was free to meditate on his ishthalinga always worn on his body at any time and place. This God was not stationary but mobile together with his devotee.
SUPERSTITIONS
Basavanna had the indomitable courage and waged a relentless, organized and peaceful war against the Vedic superstitions. He held that heaven, hell, rebirth, astrology, devil, auspicious day and time, etc. do not exist and are deluding and harmful illusions. But they had gripped most of the masses at that time. When a man has no rebirth, heaven and hell have no raison de etre. Man’s real heaven and hell both are here on this planet. Man’s good conduct and good work make for heaven, and their opposite leads to hell, in this world itself.
‘My brothers, behold,
What are called the divine world and the mortal world
Are not far away.
To speak the Truth is the divine world,
And to utter a lie is the mortal world.
Good conduct is the divine world
And bad conduct is hell.
For this Thou Thyself art our authority,
O Kudalasangama Deva.’

‘The pot is god
The winnowing fan is god
The stone on the street is god
The comb is god
The bowstring is god
The measuring vessel is god
The small cup is god
There are gods and gods
No place to set foot in.
There is just one god, Kudalasangama Deva.’
There were-and are- thousands of Gods in India in so many strange forms! Basavanna harshly disapproved of them. For Lingayats, there is only one God, the symbolic Kudalasangama Deva.
‘Offering sheep to tiny troublesome gods carried on winnowing fan
They dance in joy.
Does sheep die and protect those with whom Shiva(a Vedic God) is angry?
No sheep, no calf,
Just worship our Kudalasangama Deva with leaves, it is enough.’
Basavanna condemns animal sacrifice to propitiate Gods.
CASTE SYSTEM IN HINDU SOCIETY
‘Father is Maadaar Chennayya,
Elder uncle is Doahara Kakkayya,
Uncle is Chikkayya,
Elder brother is our Kinnari Bommayya.
Why do you not know me as such Kudalasangayya?’
The followers of Basavanna named in this vachana were of the lower social rung. Basavanna, though born in a higher caste, asks God to identify him as one of them. His view was that they are equal to him and all other people of higher social status irrespective of their lower social status. His other followers did not discriminate against them in any way. MORTIFICATION OF BODY
‘If you quell the senses you are guilty.
The five senses will hereafter come and torment you.
Did Shiriyala and Changale abandon the pleasures of life
And that enjoyment of happiness as husband and wife? Curbing the five senses is physically, mentally and spiritually unhealthy. One need not necessarily be a bachelor or spinster or celibate to achieve the spiritual and social goal of Lingayat which is universally open to every person irrespective of his or her social status, gender, age, educational level, marital status and social caste. Lingayat embraces sinner too and teaches him to attain the goal of the Lingayat.

Women of all social statuses were equals to men in the spiritual and social parliament called as Anubhava Mantapa spiritual and social think-tank) set up by Basavanna. They actively participated in the collective activities of the of the Anubhava Mantapa.
Basavanna’s sparkling rationalism and humanism shines in his stands on God, priests, Vedas, temples of God, religious superstitions, social caste system, mortification of human body and gender equality. Basavanna’s new view of pragmatic humanism is strikingly similar to the modern concept of humanism pithily outlined by A.J.Ayer, the British philosopher and humanist:
‘Humanists think:
‘the world and this life are all we have (and) we should try to live full and happy lives ourselves and, as part of this, make it easier for other people to do the same.’
Robert G.Ingersoll, the humanist expresses a similar view in his book, The Gods:
‘ Reason, Observation, and Experience- the Holy Trinity of Science – have taught us that the happiness is the only good; that the time to be happy is now and the way to be happy is to make others so. This is enough for us. In this belief, we are content to live or die.’

Basavanna makes man the centre of all human activity both as an individual and as a member of the society. To him, what matters is man’s all-sided interest only both as an individual and as a member of the society. He does not make us pursue mirages.

Basavanna is a star in the galaxy of the outstanding rationalist and humanist thinkers of the world.
Lingayat religion founded by him deserves the lofty status of a world rationalist religion.

How We Know the World

 

                             Gateways of Knowledge

According to philosophy, there are three ways of knowing things, living or non-living:1) directly through the five senses,2) indirectly through senses aided by the scientific instruments like microscope and telescope, 3) again indirectly through the testing models developed and used in scientific research.

The five sense organs are 1) eye, 2) ear, 3) nose, 4) tongue and 5) skin. The eye sees the colours of the world. The ear hears the sound of the world. The nose smells the flavour of the world. The tongue tastes the sweetness, bitterness, etc. of the world. The skin feels the touch of the world. They are the gateways to the knowledge of the world; they are the windows to the world.

The microscope, telescope and all other scientific accessory instruments enable scientists to perceive the world beyond the normal reach of the senses but ultimately, indirectly through the senses.

We can see the planets and other gigantic heavenly bodies also indirectly with the help of the telescope.We can view the tiny germs through the microscope.

Models created by scientists predict the expected things based on the models and provide us with the knowledge of the remote reality. If they fail to do so, they are rejected.

The mystic too is believed be aware of a glimpse of the world and not the entire truth of it. His intuition or insight may be a ray showing a direction of the road to the truth of the reality. His insightful clue is misty and unreliable.

Bertrand Russell aptly says, ‘ Of the reality or unreality of the mystic’s world I know nothing…..’ ‘What I do wish to maintain– and it is here that the scientific attitude becomes imperative– is that insight, untested and unsupported, is an insufficient guarantee of truth, in spite of the fact that much of the most important truth is first suggested by its means’
Science uses the inductive(scientific) method for attaining the truth of the reality, whereas logic and mathematics apply the deductive method for discovering the truth of the premises or statements.

                                       Illusions

If anything or being is beyond the boundaries of the above means of knowing, that thing or being is unreal and belief in such an unreal thing or a being is a superstition. God, miracle, fairies, rebirth, disembodied soul, heaven, hell, magic, devil, astrology, etc. which are untestable and unknowable are unrealities and superstitious beliefs of the human imagination, a result of human ignorance, fear, and misleading teaching. They are illusions, concepts formed by humans without evidence.

Can We Be Moral Without Religion?

Divine Moral Code

 For centuries, there has been a continuous and fierce conflict among the divinely ordained moral codes of the religions. The moral code of one religion is against or different from another moral code of another religion. But every faith proclaims that its moral code is the only right one binding on all humanity and can be followed by all.  It has been an ethical turmoil involving rationalism and irrationalism in regard to religion.                                                                               Some of the religions try to forcibly impose their moral law on followers of other religions. The world knows that they use brute force and violence in the name of their God and their divine moral law against the followers of other faiths.

For them, the scriptures like the Bible, Koran, and the Vedas are the word of God and scriptural commands are God’s own orders.’There can be no morality unless there is a  deity’ and  ‘…the argument in effect says that there can be no moral code unless it is laid down, policed, punished and rewarded by a deity.'(A.C.Grayling, The God Argument). That is their rigid and dogmatic argument.

This irrational dogmatism in religion has inescapably resulted in horrendous crimes against humanity. Innocent people have lost their lives; some are maimed; children are mutilated in suicide bomb attacks and other armed attacks-all in the name of God and His moral code!  The threat of mindless religious violence has continued.  ‘Religion breeds wickedness’ and ‘So potent was religion in persuading to do wrong’ (Lucretius, The Nature of Things) even at that ancient time.

The pivotal question to be posed to humanity is: Should some inhuman religious bigots be allowed further to play with lives of innocent people? Has human conscience no answer and solution to this gigantic anti-human world problem?

Science has repeatedly and conclusively proved that there is no supernatural God in the theists’ sense.  The scriptures are not the word of God and are the records made by the religious followers of their faiths.In fact, based on these scriptures,  the followers of the religious prophets frame the ‘divine’  moral code also and enforce it. The ‘divinely’ authorized human beings are the sole ‘divine’ moral lawmakers.  It is another matter that they may have an axe to grind in discharging their ‘authorized’ duty of moral legislation.

Men, the Makers of Their Own Moral Code

Men can manage their moral life without a God and the divinely ordained moral code.They are able to make proper choices for the society in which they live. There is proof that the godless atheists and rationalists are morally exemplary and good citizens.Forty percent of the Czech population is atheist and they are morally faultless.They lead a happy life. Atheists and rationalists in other countries too live a morally disciplined and contented life.

Men are social animals and they have the inborn, intuitive empathy and responsibility towards, and interest in, the welfare of themselves and all their fellow beings.They intuitively adhere to the Confucian moral principle: ‘Do not do to others what you would not want done to yourself.’ Man is not-can not live- alone. No external threat or reward by a God is needed to make men moral. Men cannot be slaves to commands of a non-existent God and his blind followers. Punishment is necessary in case of abnormal men for their correction. As rational men, they are capable of framing their moral code and modifying it in tune and harmony with the changing social conditions.  Non-existent God and his followers’ religious bigotry and pressure cannot compel them to surrender their self-respect to irrational’ heavenly’ orders issued by the religious bigots.

Julian Baggini, the philosopher says, ‘I believe that at the root of morality is a kind of empathy or concern for the welfare of others, a recognition that their welfare also counts.This is, for most of us, a basic human instinct.’

Instinctually and naturally, men are born to live socially and morally, since to do so is in their natural and collective interest. They know how to manage their individual and social morality.No role or moral right the God and the scriptures have to lay down and enforce the ‘divine’ moral code in the humans’ ethical world.

What can be the urgent next step to eradicate the religious irrationalism from our planet?

Miracle Is a Myth.

                                                                                  It is a matter of rationality.The word ‘miraculous’ has two meanings:1) literal and 2) figurative.The literal meaning is ‘supernatural’ and the second meaning is ‘remarkable’ or ‘surprising’ as in miraculous escape, miraculous recovery of health.Walking on water, for example, is a miracle.

I choose the first meaning of the word for my comment.

A miracle is a pure fiction.Being supernatural, it cannot be proved, as it has no provable evidence.It is against the laws of nature.Anything against the laws of nature is unreal and untrue. Natural laws govern the world.Miracles are based on man’s misconceived perception of events and things.

For example,  the required friction between two stone pieces creates fire.A matchbox and a matchstick are necessary to add fire to paper.Nothing is created out of nothing and nothing happens against nature’s laws.

If something is unknown to us or unexplained by the science, it does not mean it is a miraculous event or thing.Richard Dawkins, the well-known scientist says,’There are things not even the best scientists of today can explain.”Science continues to investigate such things or events to explain them by uncovering the presumed mystery behind them and reaching the truth.The march of the science for truth is perennial.

 

 

 

 

To Live Good Life, Man Must Be Free

                                                                          Rationalism Is the Light

‘Good life is one inspired by love and guided by knowledge. Neither love without knowledge nor knowledge without love can produce a good life.’-Bertrand Russell.

I am free from the historical and’ biological baggage’ of non-existent God and his alleged intervention in human affairs and am rational to be free. As a rational man, I  am capable of living a ‘good life…inspired by love and guided by knowledge’.

I  am liberated from the pervasive grip and shackles of the illusory God and the accompanying superstitions of faith in, prayer to and worship of, God for his favours and gifts. I have thrown away as baseless and illogical the religious apologists’ concept of God as the supernatural governor of the universe issuing commands to human beings as to what they should think, say,  eat, wear, whom to marry, and what is right or wrong and an afterlife, soul and karma. Such a God is an ILLUSION created by man himself under pressing historical situation.

The religious apologists have three main cosmological. ontological and teleological arguments for the existence of God. These three stances are just ingenious rationalizations of their already accepted beliefs without ANY evidentiary basis. Since knowledge of existence of God cannot be gained directly through our five senses of sight, smell, touch, hearing and taste or indirectly through the use of special instruments like microscope and telescope and through the scientific or logical methods, God is inescapably found to be a pure illusion, a human creation or a human assumption.

A.C.Grayling, the British philosopher’s   comment on God in his The God Argument(pp 26 -27) is weighty and relevant here:

‘If a god is loving, merciful, kind, compassionate and the like, how can it tolerate pain, misery and arbitrary suffering, independent of the merits of the sufferer? How could it create or tolerate a world that is sometimes brutal to sentient beings, in tsunamis, earthquakes, terrible diseases, violent death, terror and panic?  Few human beings would inflict any of these things on those they have created(their children) or about whom they care. The existence of natural evil-disease and disaster-appears to be inconsistent with the idea of a benevolent agency, most especially if that agency designed and created such a universe.’

Indian Rationalism

About Indian rationalism and atheism, Deviprasad  Chattopadhyaya, the respected authority on Indian philosophy has the following remarks:

‘Only two of the major philosophies of India can be considered as theistic and even this not without important reservations.All the other major Indian philosophies were atheistic. This means that, except for a negligible minority, the Indian philosophers found no use for the concept of God; they moreover actively engaged themselves to demonstrate-philosophically speaking-the concept of God was not in the least acceptable’.’                                                                                                                                        ‘By contrast, Buddism, Jainism, Purva Mimamsa, Shankhya, Lokayata, Nyaya-Vaisheshika in its original form were philosophies of committed atheism in India.’(Indian Atheism, pp.24 and 29).

Man must courageously shake off the age-old involuntary and irrational burden of his belief in the concepts of God, heaven, hell, afterlife, karma and soul and their accompanying meaningless rituals of prayer and surrender to God imposed on and heavily weighing down his mind and become TRULY FREE. The rational man is the free man!

Man is the maker of his own destiny. He does not need the non-existent external support of the supernatural agency, the God for his activities. He may need and can get the help of his fellow humans in all his endeavours, sorrow and for solace and peace.

Simply by praying to God-

Can man earn his livelihood without doing work? For him, ’work is worship’

Can he enjoy good health without taking good food, essential exercise or physical labour and proper rest?

Can he gain any knowledge of the world and life skills without education/self-education?

The answer is NO. The God can have NO role here, as he is non-existent.

Has God ever answered man’s prayer for gifting something in the entire human history?

Has God ever punished a man for his immorality, crime and violation of his alleged commands in the entire human history?

The answer is NO. The God, therefore, is imaginary, illusory and non-existent and, hence,  can have NO part to play in human life.

How can we then assert that he is the supernatural governor of the universe, both animate and inanimate?

Man is, therefore, the maker of his own history. Man is to man a brother. friend, father( to his children) and a fellow human being and participant in the eternal and harmonious flow of life in society. His bond with his fellowmen is and will be one of love, dignity, goodwill, sympathy, fairness and social unity irrespective of anyone’s creed, caste and colour.

The irrational mind is the enslaved mind!

Rationality is the unfailing flame shedding light on and eliminating centuries-old intellectual darkness in the human mind!!

Religious fundamentalist hate, intolerance and human bloodshed will be rooted out.

Art, music, literature and culture will bloom in full in the secure, secular society of rational and free men.

‘Man is the measure of everything’-Protagoras

Humanism nourished and led by rationalism is the right road map for all-around human growth.

 

 

 

Does God Exist?

                     Recently, a woman journalist by name Gauri  Lankesh was shot dead in Bengaluru, India allegedly by religious fundamentalists in a rage against her rational and secular views and relentless fight against social injustice and socially harmful bigotry and superstitions. Three other such murders were recently committed, before the latest crime, in a similar fashion in India.  The ghastly inhuman crime stirred me again into questioning again the argument for the existence of God whose votaries commit such crimes.

Does God exist? Have the believers ever rationally questioned the existence of God? Believers characterize God as omnipotent, omniscient and omnipresent. We may look at the point as a layman from a common sense position.If God is omnipotent, why there is no plenty of everything of human consumption?  Why there are poverty and disease? Why there is injustice, crime, ill-will, hate, social strife, and war in society? If He cannot solve and prevent these social maladies and evils, He proves himself to be powerless and illusory. He cannot both be omnipotent and not be omnipotent; He cannot be both existent and non-existent at the same time. The argument inevitably leads one to the conclusion that God is a historically circumstantial human imagination.God did not create man; man created God under certain compelling historical circumstances.

Nature gives birth to life.Nature created man.Nature feeds man.Nature is governed by her own laws and eternal.The question is perennially pertinent: Who created God?Believers swear that God is self-created, beyond human understanding, mysterious and ineffable.The believer has faith that God is the self-creator,self-designer and self-appointed governor of the universe and has no satisfactory answer to the next inevitable question: Who created God? This question is endless.He has no logically valid answer to this question: his illogical answer is that God is beyond human comprehension, mysterious and to be simply believed.His answer does not pass the test of logic.

The universe is not a gift of God.The good Earth is not a gift of God.I am here on this planet because of my parents. About religion based on God, Bertrand Russell, the great philosopher says that ‘my own view of religion is that of Lucretius’:”I regard it as a disease born of  fear and as a source of untold misery to the human race.”According to Karl Marx,’Religion is the opium of the people.’    Love, friendship, family bonds, culture and, above all, humanism should replace the religion and its superstitious practices.Man should matter the most and be the measure of everything in human life.